Fish is a major food product that must be present at least once a week on our menu. It is a source of easily digestible proteins, essential amino acids, vitamins, minerals and fatty acids (including omega-3).
It is precisely because of the high nutritional value of the fish that it has to be present in the children’s menu. According to recent recommendations, the introduction of fish should not be postponed. This should be about 10 months, 2 to 3 months after the introduction of the first meat. Of course, this can also happen earlier, depending on when the power is started.
Like the introduction of any new food, the fish is also introduced gradually. A small amount of cooked fish is added to the vegetable paste at lunchtime to have time to watch for possible allergic reactions – rash, vomiting, diarrhea, swelling.
If the fish is well received, the amount is increased daily to reach a full portion of 50-60 g for 6-7 months to 1 year. For children aged 1-1,5 years the amount is 70-80 g, 1,5-3 years is 90-110 g, in children between 3 and 6 years the amount is about 120-140 g per portion.
Keep in mind that fish is a strong allergen , WHO recommends feeding such foods under the protection of breastfeeding. If you have a history of fish allergy in the family, postpone it for one year.
Do not overdo the amount you offer because the allergy to fish protein occurs after accumulation. As far as seafood and shellfish are concerned, they should be offered after the age of 3 due to the high risk of allergic reaction.
With what fish to start the power supply? It is recommended that the first fish be offered one of the non-greasy species – trout, hake, turbot, cypur. Fish such as salmon, tuna, which have a more intense flavor, should be offered around and after the first year.
Inbred fish: hake, amur, cod trout, shark, turbot, hake;
Moderately fat: carp, sturgeon, mackerel, popcorn, horse mackerel, sprat, catfish;
Fatty: Palamud, salmon, tuna.
How to choose fresh fish? If you do not have a reliable source of fresh and well-grown fish, the better option is to use ready-made fish purees. If you find fresh fish, do not hesitate to cook it for your baby. Until the first year, it is recommended that the fish be steamed or boiled.
Fresh fish has clear and bright gills, no mucus, bright, shining flakes, protruding, clear eyes. Store in a refrigerator for up to two days.
The frozen fish has light meat. If it is dark, it is likely that the fish has been re-frozen. Thaw the fish in slightly salted water to preserve vitamins and minerals. Once thawed, prepare it immediately.